Blog di Bernardino (Dino) Ciuffetti

06 Mag 16 How to convert URI to query string parameters with mod_rewrite

You may need to convert URI levels to query string parameters, for example if want to be RESTful compliant with PHP.

Try this one:

RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^/(\w+)/(\w+)$ /path_of_index.php?lev1=$1&lev2=$2 [QSA,L]

In this case the first URI level will be converted to a query string parameter called lev1, while the second will be converted to a query string parameter called lev2, each one with the respective values.

For example, the uri /user/list will be passed to index.php and will become index.php?lev1=user&lev2=list

An eventual query string will be passed, eventually overriding lev1 and lev2 parameters.

03 Mar 13 How to install php 5.2 on debian squeeze (6.0.x), the debian way

You may know that the PHP version coming with debian squeeze is 5.3. Since the 5.3 version of PHP breaks some compatibility with 5.2 you may find that an old PHP application is no longer working with the new version of PHP on squeeze.
The steps required to install PHP 5.2 on debian squeeze are very simple, you just need to setup APT to install the PHP packages coming with debian lenny.

The first thing to do is to add the lenny repository to the end of /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb lenny main contrib non-free

Then you need to make sure that your favourite PHP packages will be downloaded from lenny instead of squeeze. You can do this creating the file /etc/apt/preferences.d/lenny, with this stuff inside:

Explanation: choose Lenny as installation source if the package is not already installed and not available from Squeeze
Package: *
Pin: release n=lenny*
Pin-Priority: 100

Explanation: choose Lenny as installation source for those packages
Package: libapache2-mod-php5 php5-common php5-curl php5-gd php5-mcrypt php5-mysql php5-cli php5-mhash php5-xsl php5-imap php5-xmlrpc php5-sqlite
Pin: release n=lenny*
Pin-Priority: 999

After that, remove any previously installed PHP 5.3 package, for example with the command

apt-get remove –purge php5\*

and then install the PHP 5.2 packages from lenny:

apt-get update
apt-get clean
apt-get install libapache2-mod-php5 php5-common php5-curl php5-gd php5-mcrypt php5-mysql php5-cli php5-mhash php5-xsl php5-imap php5-xmlrpc php5-sqlite

That procedure saved my life twice, I hope it will save yours too!

03 Set 12 apache2 + mod_fastcgi + php 5.3 + PHP-FPM

This is a very quick guide to get your feet wet with PHP 5.3 + PHP-FPM fastcgi support and apache webserver.
The PHP-FPM is basically a fastcgi compliant pool of PHP processes spawned on the system, ready to quickly accept connections, for example via TCP. It’s generally used to greatly improove PHP scalability, security and performance.

Start by installing apache, no matter if it’s a binary installation or if it’s compiled from source code (I assume this step is already done).

Once you have a valid apache installation, you need to compile the mod_fastcgi module.
NOTE: don’t use mod_fcgid or any other fastcgi provider but mod_fastcgi: it’s proved to be stable and to work well with PHP-FPM.

To install mod_fastcgi you have to:

  1. download mod_fastcgi:
  2. untar the package, then compile the apache module with: /your_apache_path/bin/apxs -o -c *.c
  3. install the module with: /your_apache_path/bin/apxs -i -a -n fastcgi .libs/

Now, compile PHP with the fpm support, or install a already compiled PHP binary package.

Here I’ll cover how to compile it from source.

Start by downloading the latest php 5.3 version from

When you have done, untar the PHP source package and enter into the extracted php-5.3.x directory.
Now create a file called and put this stuff inside it:

./configure  \
–prefix=/usr/local/php53 \
–with-libdir=lib64 \
–enable-pcntl \
–enable-mbstring=shared \
–enable-mbregex \
–with-gd=shared \
–enable-bcmath=shared \
–with-xmlrpc=shared \
–with-mysql=shared,/usr \
–with-mysqli=shared,/usr/bin/mysql_config \
–enable-dom=shared \
–enable-soap=shared \
–with-xsl=shared,/usr \
–enable-xmlreader=shared –enable-xmlwriter=shared \
–with-pdo-mysql=shared,/usr \
–enable-json=shared \
–enable-zip=shared \
–with-readline \
–with-jpeg-dir=/usr \
–with-png-dir=/usr \
–with-pear \
–with-ldap=shared \
–enable-fpm \
–with-fpm-user=apache \

Your mileage may vary here, so please double check row by row if you need to modify something. The FPM part are the last 3 lines.

NOTE: you cannot compile PHP as FPM and SAPI at the same time.

Now, make the file executable with: chmod 755
and run the executable with: ./

Wait that the configure script is done. If no errors are encountered you can proceed with make and make install as usual.
Remember to create the php.ini configuration file if you need it.
You should now end up with a fresh PHP installation into /usr/local/php53 (or any other path you given to the prefix configure attribute).

Ok, now it’s time to configure the php-fpm (change /usr/local/php53 with your path if it’s different):

cd /usr/local/php53/etc
cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf
vi php-fpm.conf

You generally don’t need to modify anything here, but if you want you can touch something.
Now start the php-fpm process pool by running this command by the root user: /usr/local/php53/sbin/php-fpm

If anything gone ok you should have some process up and running, something like this:

25976 ?        Ss     0:00 php-fpm: master process (/usr/local/php53/etc/php-fpm.conf)
4945 ?        S      0:00  \_ php-fpm: pool www
4946 ?        S      0:00  \_ php-fpm: pool www
4947 ?        S      0:00  \_ php-fpm: pool www

If you didn’t modify the php-fpm.conf, the process pool listen for fastcgi requests to TCP

It’s time to configure a apache virtualhost with PHP support using this brand new fpm.

Edit the httpd.conf apache configuration file (or another included file where you store the virtualhost) and append this stuff (I assume that apache is installed into /opt/apache2):

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot “/opt/apache2/htdocs”
ServerName “”
ErrorLog “logs/your_servername-error_log”
CustomLog “logs/your_servername-access_log” common

FastCgiExternalServer /opt/apache2/htdocs/php5.sock -host
AddHandler php5-fcgi .php
Action php5-fcgi /tmp/php5.sock
Alias /tmp /opt/apache2/htdocs

<Directory “/opt/apache2/htdocs”>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order deny,allow
Allow from all

Any file whose name ends for “.php” into your document root should now be associated to the PHP fastcgi handler and the requests should be routed to the php-fpm process pool. Each php-fpm process is reused according to the php-fpm.conf configuration file.

Restart apache and enjoy (any comment are welcome).

08 Mar 12 How to execute a HTTP/Rest Query to NuvolaBase distributed database with PHP

As previously said, is a great service that permits you to have a distributed nosql document database in the cloud. This is very cool: think each time you would had the need of a database always available in the cloud that you would access via simple HTTP/Rest queries. The possibilities are endless.

Here is a very simple but powerful PHP curl agent to submit commands (queries) to nuvolabase via HTTP.

* Author: Dino Ciuffetti <>
* Object: Execute a remote query to a distributed database on (free account) using HTTP (OrientDB REST API)

/* user configurable parameters */
$nuvolabasedb = ‘db$free$youruser$yourdb’;
$command = ‘select from yourclass’;
$user = ‘admin’;
$password = ‘qwerty’;
$useragent = “NuvolaBase PHP REST agent/v0.8 (compatible; Mozilla 4.0; MSIE 5.5;”;
/* END of user configurable parameters */

$nuvolabasehost = ‘’;
$url = ‘http://’.$user.’:’.$password.’@’.’’.$nuvolabasedb.’/sql/’;

$ch = curl_init();

// set user agent
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $useragent);

// return the result or false in case of errors
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);

// set the target url
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);

// do basic login authentication

// howmany parameter to post
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);

// the post data to send
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $command);

// execute curl,fetch the result and close curl connection
$res = curl_exec ($ch);
curl_close ($ch);

// display result
if ($res !== FALSE);
print_r (json_decode($res));


Please use the attached file.


16 Set 11 How to change drupal 6 admin password

Changing the password of the “admin” user on drupal 6 it’s as simple as to run this mysql query:

UPDATE users SET pass = md5(‘YOUR__NEW_PASSWORD‘) WHERE uid = 1;

Hope to help someone in big problems because of a unknown/lost drupal password.

Ciao, Dino.

02 Mar 11 ajax_proxy cross domain php in bundle with orientdb

I’m very happy that my simple proxy php script is now in bundle with a great product: orientdb.
Now, I’m going to take two beers!! Cheers!!!!

26 Mar 10 Il tuo server linux personale

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Se sei interessato, dai un’occhiata al sito e affiliati anche tu.

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Noi di TuxWeb lo stiamo utilizzando con successo per gestire i siti internet di alcuni nostri clienti.

Ciao, Dino –